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Historical of OMAPI

Madagascar and twelve other African states after their independence, signed the Libreville Agreement of 13rd September 1962 establishing a uniform system of protection of industrial property and creating the African and Malagasy Office of Industrial Property (OAMPI), located in Yaoundé (Cameroon). This office was in charge of common administrative procedures and acted as a national public service for each of the thirteen States Member.

Renunciation of this Agreement by Madagascar on January 31st 1974, which took effect on December 31st 1976, a legal and administrative vacuum, existed in the area. However, the Article 12.1) of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 20th  March 1883 which Madagascar adhere  in 1963 states that: "Each country of the Union undertakes to establish a special service of industrial property and a central repository for communication to the public of patents, utility models, industrial designs and trademarks or trade . "

Thus, after many draft laws prepared by the departments concerned, Ordinance No. 89-019 of 31st July 1989 establishing a system for the protection of industrial property in Madagascar was enacted. Followed by Decree No. 92-993 of 2nd December 1992 on the implementation of the said ordinance and the decree n ° 92-994 of the same date establishing and organizing the Malagasy Office of Industrial Property (OMAPI).

The OMAPI is the administration in charge of industrial property and the promotion of inventive activity in Madagascar. For this purpose, he can deliver, at the request of interested, title of industrial property, that is:

- Patents for inventions,

- Certificates of registration of trademarks for goods or services,

- Certificates of registration of industrial designs,

- Certificates of registration of trade names.

Titles granted by OMAPI are published in the Official Gazette of Industrial Property (GOPI). In addition, it provides the public documentation on industrial property rights such as patent documents, legislation on industrial property in various countries, multilateral treaties on industrial property.

Under the technical supervision of the Ministry of Industry, OMAPI has an administrative and financial autonomy and has the technical independence for the execution of its mission. Its organs are the Board of Directors and Executive Management.

Operational since  April 1st  1994, OMAPI privileged relations with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in  which Madagascar is a member since 1989 and various national or regional industrial property such as the National Institute of Intellectual Property (INPI France), the Patent and Trademark United States (USPTO), the European Patent Office (EPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), etc..

Moreover, OMAPI acts as designated Office for international patent applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty patent (PCT), done at Washington June 19, 1978 which Madagascar acceded on 24 January 1978.